Estimating T_ eff, radius and luminosity of M-dwarfs using high resolution optical and NIR spectral features [article]

Dhrimadri Khata, Soumen Mondal, Ramkrishna Das, Tapas Baug
2021 pre-print
We estimate effective temperature (T_ eff), stellar radius, and luminosity for a sample of 271 M-dwarf stars (M0V-M7V) observed as a part of CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) radial-velocity planet survey. For the first time, using the simultaneously observed high resolution (R∼90000) spectra in the optical (0.52 - 0.96 μm) and near-infrared (0.96 - 1.71 μm) bands, we derive empirical calibration
more » ... nships to estimate the fundamental parameters of these low-mass stars. We select a sample of nearby and bright M-dwarfs as our calibrators for which the physical parameters are acquired from high-precision interferometric measurements. To identify the most suitable indicators of T_ eff, radius, and luminosity (log L/L_⊙), we inspect a range of spectral features and assess them for reliable correlations. We perform multivariate linear regression and find that the combination of pseudo equivalent widths and equivalent width ratios of the Ca II at 0.854 μm and Ca II at 0.866 μm lines in the optical and the Mg I line at 1.57 μm in the NIR give the best fitting linear functional relations for the stellar parameters with root mean square errors (RMSE) of 99K, 0.06 R_⊙ and 0.22 dex respectively. We also explore and compare our results with literature values obtained using other different methods for the same sample of M dwarfs.
doi:10.1093/mnras/stab2211 arXiv:2107.14023v1 fatcat:ik7kcyrdzjfcxkogxjosvh4zs4