Disorientation regarding axis supranationality / nationality in Europe

Alpár Losoncz
2019 Belvedere Meridionale  
There have always been different definitions of the character of the European Union; it has been referred to as a "postmodern political form", a "sui generisstructure", or as a "neo-medieval empire". Whatever the definition, supranationality is a necessary component of it. Supranationality has long been exposed to different interpretations, and the ongoing crisis is only increasing the heterogeneity in this regard. This paper is considering the ideational domain and it is an attempt to present
more » ... onceptual differences regarding this subject by analyzing the relevant ideas. Our starting point is the role that Max Weber added to the ideas as such, which are the drivers of different interests. Without taking into account the organizational forms of supranationalism (we did not discuss the relationships between intergovermentalism and supranationalism), our aim here was to shed light on the existing situation regarding supranationalism by presenting a selection of confronted ideas. The paper consists of four parts. In the first part, we are questioning the possibility to subordinate supranationalism to depoliticized functionalism. The second part presents the ordo-neoliberal frameworks of European supranationalism. In the third part, we are investigating whether the notion of populism enables better understanding of supranationalism. Finally, in the fourth part, we are questioning the possibility of dichotomous interpretation of supranationalism.
doi:10.14232/belv.2019.4.4 fatcat:u7ic26cq45eajlqsdcm3q3bx6m