Spontaneously Ruptured Craniopharyngioma Cyst Without Meningitic Symptoms. Two Case Reports

Toshio TAKAHASHI, Kanae KUDO, Satoshi ITO, Shigeharu SUZUKI
2003 Neurologia medico-chirurgica  
Two cases of spontaneous rupture of cystic craniopharyngioma without chemical meningitis are described. A 70-year-old woman complained of headache and visual field disturbance in July 1993. The tumor was extirpated in November 1993 and again in December 1996. After regular periodic follow-up evaluation, she was hospitalized for reoperation because of expansion of the cyst on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in November 1998. However, preoperative MR imaging taken 8 weeks later revealed
more » ... s reduction of the cyst. A 69-year-old woman noticed deteriorating vision and bitemporal hemianopsia in November 1998. The tumor was removed in December 1998, and 50.4 Gy postoperative radiotherapy was administered. MR imaging in May 2000 demonstrated an enlargement of the cyst, so she was hospitalized again for operation. However, preoperative MR imaging taken 7 weeks later showed spontaneous reduction of the cyst. Neither of the cases of cyst rupture were accompanied by symptoms of chemical meningitis. The signal intensity of the tumors on T 1 -weighted MR imaging declined after cyst reduction. Thereafter, the cysts increased in size again at 7 months and 5 months. Regular follow-up on MR imaging is necessary, since the cyst size can increase rapidly, even after spontaneous rupture.
doi:10.2176/nmc.43.150 pmid:12699125 fatcat:smatlzj7ebevnfikr4xlhbopfy