From Biological Synapses to "Intelligent" Robots

Birgitta Dresp-Langley
<span title="2022-02-25">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Electronics</a> </i> &nbsp;
This selective review explores biologically inspired learning as a model for intelligent robot control and sensing technology on the basis of specific examples. Hebbian synaptic learning is discussed as a functionally relevant model for machine learning and intelligence, as explained on the basis of examples from the highly plastic biological neural networks of invertebrates and vertebrates. Its potential for adaptive learning and control without supervision, the generation of functional
more &raquo; ... ity, and control architectures based on self-organization is brought forward. Learning without prior knowledge based on excitatory and inhibitory neural mechanisms accounts for the process through which survival-relevant or task-relevant representations are either reinforced or suppressed. The basic mechanisms of unsupervised biological learning drive synaptic plasticity and adaptation for behavioral success in living brains with different levels of complexity. The insights collected here point toward the Hebbian model as a choice solution for "intelligent" robotics and sensor systems.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/electronics11050707</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:fopi24ot2vdr7p6qqcn7prqpge</a> </span>
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