The complement system supports normal postnatal development and gonadal function in both sexes [article]

Arthur Lee, Jannette Rusch, Abul Usmani, Ana Lima, Wendy Wong, Ni Huang, Maarja Lepamets, Katinka Vigh-Conrad, Ronald Worthington, Reedik Magi, John Niederhuber, Xiaobo Wu (+3 others)
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
Male and female infertility are clinically managed and classified as distinct diseases, and relatively little is known about mechanisms of gonadal function common to both sexes. We used genome-wide genetic analysis on 74,896 women and men to find rare genetic variants that modulate gonadal function in both sexes. This uncovered an association with variants disrupting CSMD1 , a complement regulatory protein located on 8p23, in a genomic region with an exceptional evolution. We found that Csmd1
more » ... ockout mice display a diverse array of gonadal defects in both sexes, and in females, impaired mammary gland development that leads to increased offspring mortality. The complement pathway is significantly disrupted in Csmd1 mice, and further disruption of the complement pathway from joint inactivation of C3 leads to more extreme reproductive defects. Our results can explain a novel human genetic association with infertility and implicate the complement system in the normal development of postnatal tissues.
doi:10.1101/233825 fatcat:hwy2vnuhgva2zevtiqtsxhkdh4