Accurate prediction of transmembrane β-barrel proteins from sequences [article]

Sikander Hayat, Chris Sander, Arne Elofsson, Debora S. Marks
2014 bioRxiv   pre-print
Transmembrane β-barrels are known to play major roles in substrate transport and protein biogenesis in gram-negative bacteria, chloroplasts and mitochondria. However, the exact number of transmembrane β-barrel families is unknown and experimental structure determination is challenging. In theory, if one knows the number of strands in the β-barrel, then the 3D structure of the barrel could be trivial, but current topology predictions do not predict accurate structures and are unable to give
more » ... mation beyond the β-strands in the barrel. Recent work has shown successful prediction of globular and alpha-helical membrane proteins from sequence alignments, by using high ranked evolutionary couplings between residues as distance constraints to fold extended polypeptides. However, these methods, have not addressed the calculation of precise β-sheet hydrogen bonding that defines transmembrane β-barrels, and would be required to fold these proteins successfully. Hence we developed a method (EVFold_BB) that can successfully model transmembrane β-barrels by combining evolutionary couplings together with topology predictions. EVFold_BB is validated by the accurate all-atom 3D modeling of 18 proteins, representing all known membrane β-barrel families that have sufficient sequences available. To demonstrate the potential of our approach we predict the unknown 3D structure of the LptD protein, the plausibility of its accuracy is supported by the blindly predicted benchmarks, and is consistent with experimental observations. Our approach can naturally be extended to all unknown β-barrel proteins with sufficient sequence information.
doi:10.1101/006577 fatcat:khggdhhcgrcqjg2s7sld5e3kby