Augmented MPM for phase-change and varied materials

Alexey Stomakhin, Craig Schroeder, Chenfanfu Jiang, Lawrence Chai, Joseph Teran, Andrew Selle
2014 ACM Transactions on Graphics  
Figure 1 : Lava solidifying into pāhoehoe forms complex and attractive shapes. The lava emits light according to the blackbody spectrum corresponding to the simulated temperature. c Disney. Abstract In this paper, we introduce a novel material point method for heat transport, melting and solidifying materials. This brings a wider range of material behaviors into reach of the already versatile material point method. This is in contrast to best-of-breed fluid, solid or rigid body solvers that are
more » ... difficult to adapt to a wide range of materials. Extending the material point method requires several contributions. We introduce a dilational/deviatoric splitting of the constitutive model and show that an implicit treatment of the Eulerian evolution of the dilational part can be used to simulate arbitrarily incompressible materials. Furthermore, we show that this treatment reduces to a parabolic equation for moderate compressibility and an elliptic, Chorin-style projection at the incompressible limit. Since projections are naturally done on marker and cell (MAC) grids, we devise a staggered grid MPM method. Lastly, to generate varying material parameters, we adapt a heat-equation solver to a material point framework.
doi:10.1145/2601097.2601176 fatcat:cpqrn6bs6vhs5nvnhimbe3y2ci