Function of cancer cell-derived extracellular matrix in tumor progression

Gao-Feng Xiong, Ren Xu
2016 Journal of Cancer Metastasis and Treatment  
How to cite this article: Xiong GF, Xu R. Function of cancer cell-derived extracellular matrix in tumor progression. J Cancer Metasta Treat 2016;2:357-64. Extracellular matrix (ECM) is an essential component of the tumor microenvironment. Cancer development and progression are associated with increased ECM deposition and crosslink. The chemical and physical signals elicited from ECM are necessary for cancer cell proliferation and invasion. It is well recognized that stromal cells are a major
more » ... rce of ECM proteins. However, recent studies showed that cancer cells are also an active and important component in ECM remodeling. Cancer cells deposit a significant amount of collagen, fibronectin, and tenascin C (TNC). Recent studies demonstrate that these cancer cell-derived ECM proteins enhance cancer cell survival and promote cancer cell colonization at distant sites. ECM-related enzymes and chaperone proteins, such as prolyl-4-hydroxylase, lysyl-hydroxylase, lysyl oxidase, and heat shock protein 47, are also highly expressed in cancer cells. Inhibition of these enzymes significantly reduces cancer growth, invasion, and metastasis. These factors suggest that the cancer cell-derived ECM is crucial for cancer progression and metastasis. Therefore, targeting these ECM proteins and ECM-related enzymes is a potential strategy for cancer treatment. ABSTRACT Article history:
doi:10.20517/2394-4722.2016.08 fatcat:yrq7c4uuj5etfleo33apgmpjle