Occupational Adaptation as a Construct: A Scoping Review of Literature

Lenin Grajo, Angela Boisselle, Elaina DaLomba
2018 Open Journal of Occupational Therapy  
This study integrates research on practice applications of the construct of occupational adaptation with occupational therapy and occupational science literature. Method: Using Arksey and O'Malley's 5-step Scoping Study Framework (2005), we conducted a scoping review of 74 articles from five online databases and literature hand-searching and performed quantitative and thematic analyses. Results: The Occupational Adaptation model (Schkade & Schultz, 1992; n = 74) and the Model of Human
more » ... (Kielhofner, 2008; n = 37) were the most frequently cited literature influences. Occupational adaptation has been defined as a process (n = 49), an outcome (n = 37) and both a process and outcome (n = 12) of occupational participation. Four qualitative themes emerged to support the definitions of occupational adaptation from the literature. Occupational adaptation was defined as (a) a product of engagement in occupation, (b) a transaction in the environment, (c) a response to change and life transitions; and (d) a formation of a desired sense of self. Discussion: Evidence of occupational adaptation as a viable construct warrants further research to operationalize practice and outcomes. Comments The authors report no potential conflicts of interest.
doi:10.15453/2168-6408.1400 fatcat:zn4el2ygije7vf7wds2vrup7qy