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WIDER Working Paper 2017/43 'Affordability' and the political economy of social protection in contemporary Africa
The 'affordability' of new or expanded social protection programmes depends on more than an assessment of the fiscal costs or the poverty-reducing or developmental benefits. Diverse international organizations have shown that programmes costing less than or about 1 per cent of GDP have substantial benefits, and most low-income countries have the 'fiscal space' for such programmes (including through increased taxation). These international organizations have generally failed to convince nationalfatcat:5uhasxjburhvpbit22bwhv6l4u