Viral hepatitis B and C as occupational diseases

F. M. Yakupova, R. V. Garipova, F. S. Gilmullina, J. M. Sozinova, M. M. Zagidov
2023 Medical Herald of the South of Russia  
Objective: to study the clinical and epidemiological features and medical and social aspects of viral hepatitis B and C in medical workers. Materials and methods: analysis of outpatient and inpatient records of medical workers with a diagnosis of chronic viral hepatitis B, C, B + C, B + D of various stages and degrees of activity, registered at the Republican Center of Occupational Pathology of the Republic of Tatarstan and the consultative and diagnostic department of the Republican Infectious
more » ... Clinical Hospital named after prof. A.F. Agafonov. An on-line sociological survey of medical workers and senior students of medical universities in Kazan was conducted using the Google form. Results: medical personnel whose work is associated with the provision of invasive medical interventions are at the highest risk of infection with blood-borne infections. All medical workers had a history of accidents - needle sticks, cuts, blood spatter. The development of liver cirrhosis and the presence of lethal outcomes in liver cirrhosis decompensation reflect the general problem of chronic hepatitis C - the lack of timely effective antiviral therapy, despite the detection of hepatitis viruses in medical workers in the early stages of infection during periodic medical examinations. Conclusions: in the structure of occupational morbidity among healthcare workers in Tatarstan, viral hepatitis makes up 16.7%. There is still a risk of viral hepatitis infection in MRs of any level of education and status, including students of medical universities during work practice, assistance on a volunteer basis. Vaccination/revaccination against viral hepatitis B is regulated by regulations and shown to all healthcare workers with viral hepatitis C.
doi:10.21886/2219-8075-2022-13-4-39-44 fatcat:t32xoltg6febxjmmmpdy6notba