Energy-Aware Link Scheduling Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Mouloud Atmani, Yassine Hadjadj-Aoul, Djamil Aïssani
2014 Wireless personal communications  
By reducing interferences drastically, time division multiple access (TDMA) based approaches are considered one of the most efficient solutions to optimize resources' use. The existing protocols, however, address only the latency minimization without considering the waste of energy, which typically results from idle listening or frequent transitions of the radio module between sleep and active modes. Besides, only saturated systems are considered in these protocols, which may imply resources'
more » ... derutilization in some practical use cases. In this paper, we present an energy-aware TDMA-based link scheduling protocol, named deterministic link scheduling protocol (DLSP), designed with the aim of achieving both low energy consumption and low latency in wireless sensor networks. DLSP takes advantage of the spatial reuse of interference-free time slots using conflict graphs. Unlike earlier studies that often considered saturated traffic, we propose to relax the saturation assumption in order to maintain good performance when some of the nodes have no data to send. Thus, we propose to define the following transmission periods: a period to send the own data of the nodes and a period to relay packets. The simulation results clearly show the effectiveness of the proposed protocol, in terms of latency and energy consumption, compared to existing approaches.
doi:10.1007/s11277-014-1865-1 fatcat:34snh5glmvhlhjvawte2pqtuee