Linear layouts measuring neighbourhoods in graphs

Frank Gurski
2006 Discrete Mathematics  
In this paper we introduce the graph layout parameter neighbourhood-width as a variation of the well-known cut-width. The cut-width of a graph G = (V , E) is the smallest integer k, such that there is a linear layout : V → {1, . . . , |V |}, such that for every 1 i < |V | there are at most k edges {u, v} with (u) i and (v) > i. The neighbourhood-width of a graph is the smallest integer k, such that there is a linear layout , such that for every 1 i < |V | the vertices u with (u) i can be
more » ... into at most k subsets each members having the same neighbourhood with respect to the vertices v with (v) > i. We show that the neighbourhood-width of a graph differs from its linear clique-width or linear NLC-width at most by one. This relation is used to show that the minimization problem for neighbourhood-width is NP-complete. Furthermore, we prove that simple modifications of neighbourhood-width imply equivalent layout characterizations for linear clique-width and linear NLC-width. We also show that every graph of path-width k or cut-width k has neighbourhood-width at most k +2 and we give several conditions such that graphs of bounded neighbourhood-width have bounded path-width or bounded cut-width.
doi:10.1016/j.disc.2006.03.048 fatcat:msxln5bidvbx7ocos7yiv7xnza