Pyrazole ring-containing isolongifolanone derivatives as potential CDK2 inhibitors: Evaluation of anticancer activity and investigation of action mechanism

Yunyun Wang, Wei Shi, Chenliang Wu, Lin Wan, Yuxun Zhao, Chenglong Zhang, Wen Gu, Shifa Wang
2021 Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy  
Isolongifolanone is a high value-added sustainable natural product. Recent studies have demonstrated that isolongifolanone possesses anticancer activities. In this study, a series of novel pyrazole ring-containing isolongifolanone derivatives was designed, synthesized, and their anti-proliferative activities in three cancer cell lines were evaluated. Among them, compound 3b exhibited strongest antiproliferative ability on MCF-7 cancer cells and induced the generation of intracellular ROS and
more » ... cellular ROS and mitochondrial depolarization. More importantly, compound 3b still maintained antitumor activity in MCF-7 3D culture systems. The study on molecular mechanism suggested that compound 3b induced apoptosis via activation of caspase-3 and PARP, also via decreasing of Bcl-2 and increasing of Bax and p53. Moreover, compound 3b down-regulated the level of CDK2, a crucial cyclin-dependent kinase which is necessary for the progression of the cells out of the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Docking results showed that compound 3b could bind well with CDK2 by forming hydrogen bonds with amino acid residues (LYS89 and HIS84). These results suggested that compound 3b could be taken as a lead compound for anticancer agents.
doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111663 pmid:34243605 fatcat:dmbhkzajxbeldlrbj4ig7yl2tu