Учень Чи Самоучка: Формування Самосвідомості Митців Раннього Італійського Ренесансу

Марія Кушнарьова
2018 Zenodo  
Since the beginning of the XXth century world art have been dealing with real boom of autodidacts. Artworks of autodidacts P.Gauguin, H.Rousseau, M.Utrillo, M. de Vlaminck, N.Pirosmani, M.Prymachenko, K.Bilokur, I.Generalić, A.Katajainen, other painters had become real sensations of the century. Now we can observe new, much more massive wave of autodidacts. Internet and new technologies had made the process of search for information significantly easier and simpler and it's a reason why many
more » ... ple now use to give preference to concrete, applied information and skills or rather its illusion and not disturb themselves with classes, course-works, diplomas or any other kind of formal side of institutional education. This tendency influences visual arts in exceptionally noted way. So the problem of art, especially painters' education, its necessity, content, quality, and importance for further art process as well as ways of its improving gains special importance. This study contains analysis of autodidacts phenomena in the art of Early Italian Renaissance focusing on reasons of its appearance and its effect on art process. The main task of the study is to determine either objective or subjective reasons for Renaissance painters to adopt status of autodidacts for themselves and to make it the way of their positioning and self-presentation. This task in turn had called for one another supporting objective, which is to review Renaissance art education with an accent on teacher, its function and perceiving by artists. The way of preparing to artistic activity which was characteristic for that time is considered within the epoch' culture context emphasizing common and different features in humanism of the first half of the XVth century (self-positioning of humanists belonged to the second generation) and art process of the same time. The study is based on theoretical works of Renaissance artists (C.Cennini, L.B.Alberti, L.Ghiberti, Leonardo da Vinci, G.Vasari) and humanists (G.Boccaccio, P.Bracciolini). In the XIVth centu [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1313079 fatcat:3upq5tiwazagzeclf2ocjghu6i