Effects of Nb doping on the TiO2 anatase-to-rutile phase transition

J. Arbiol, J. Cerdà, G. Dezanneau, A. Cirera, F. Peiró, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante
2002 Journal of Applied Physics  
We study the influence of Nb doping on the TiO 2 anatase-to-rutile phase transition, using combined transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and selected area electron diffraction analysis. This approach enabled anatase-to-rutile phase transition hindering to be clearly observed for low Nb-doped TiO 2 samples. Moreover, there was clear grain growth inhibition in the samples containing Nb. The use of high resolution transmission electron microscopy with our samples
more » ... py with our samples provides an innovative perspective compared with previous research on this issue. Our analysis shows that niobium is segregated from the anatase structure before and during the phase transformation, leading to the formation of NbO nanoclusters on the surface of the TiO 2 rutile nanoparticles.
doi:10.1063/1.1487915 fatcat:zpmcywjj6rahfmjo3pcp4wxery