Hydrodynamic Interaction of Two Self-Propelled Fish Swimming in a Tandem Arrangement

Dewu Yang, Jie Wu
2022 Fluids  
Collective locomotion in biological systems is ubiquitous and attracts much attention, and there are complex hydrodynamics involved. The hydrodynamic interaction for fish schooling is examined using two-dimensional numerical simulations of a pair of self-propelled swimming fish in this paper. The effects of different parameters on swimming speed gain and energy-saving efficiency are investigated by adjusting swimming parameters (initial separation distance d0, tail beat amplitude A, body
more » ... gth λ, and period of oscillation T) at different phase difference δϕ between two fish. The hydrodynamic interaction performance of fish swimming in a tandem arrangement is analyzed with the help of the instantaneous vorticity contours, pressure contours, and mean work done. Using elementary hydrodynamic arguments, a unifying mechanistic principle, which characterizes the fish locomotion by deriving a scaling relation that links swimming speed u to body kinematics (A, T, and λ), arrangement of formation (d0), and fluid properties (kinematic viscosity ν), is revealed. It is shown that there are some certain scaling laws between similarity criterion number (Reynolds number (Re) and Strouhal number (St)) and energy-consuming coefficient (CE) under different parameters (Δ). In particular, a generality in the relationships of St–Re and CE–(Re ·Δ) can emerge despite significant disparities in locomotory performance.
doi:10.3390/fluids7060208 fatcat:yh4jwn3s2rdxrgqrsuvchlekxy