Journalistische Krisenkommunikation in internationalen Konflikten am Beispiel von ORF-Radio Nachbar in Not 1999/2000

Eva Binder
2006 unpublished
In armed conflicts, the media often has to find a way to deal with censorship and propaganda. This is a major challenge for balanced and objective journalism. "Peace journalism" is a concept which addresses this issue. This approach is a response to traditional war reporting and focuses on how media can support the peaceful resolution of conflict. For this purpose it provides clear guidelines for objective and peace-promoting ways of reporting on war. During the Kosovo war of 1998/1999 it was
more » ... 1998/1999 it was difficult for war reporters to get access to reliable and objective information. The ethnic conflict escalated in 1998 after ongoing tensions between Albanians and Serbs in the Serbian province Kosovo and, later on, led to military intervention by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) against Yugoslavia. After the outbreak of war, an increasing number of refugees and civilians affected by military action were in need of independent, unbiased information. In response to this, the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF) launched "ORF-Radio Neighbour in Need", an international radio programme aimed at providing independent information to people in the conflict zone. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate (1) whether the content of this radio programme was in accordance with the principles of peace journalism as outlined by Vincent & Galtung, and (2) how the broadcast was received by its listeners. Two separate analyses were conducted to answer these questions: (1) In a quantitative content analysis, a relevant part of the daily programme was analysed for its correspondence with principles of peace journalism. (2) In a qualitative content analysis listeners' responses were evaluated. Results show that (1) the broadcasts analysed generally follow the recommendations of Vincent & Galtung and fulfill the criteria of a balanced and unbiased programme. (2) Listeners' responses came predominantly from countries far from the region of the war and confirmed a broad interest in the radio programme. The fact that no respon [...]
doi:10.25365/thesis.189 fatcat:5sqaruhpmbablnyjfzdf333wbq