Manganese-dependent microRNA trimming by 3′→5′ exonucleases generates 14-nucleotide or shorter tiny RNAs [article]

GeunYoung Sim, Audrey C. Kehling, Mi Seul Park, Jackson Secor, Cameron Divoky, Huaqun Zhang, Nipun Malhotra, Divyaa Bhagdikar, Ekram Abd El-Wahaband, Kotaro Nakanishi
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are about 22-nucleotide (nt) non-coding RNAs forming the effector complexes with Argonaute (AGO) proteins to repress gene expression. Although tiny RNAs (tyRNAs) shorter than 19 nt have been found to bind to plant and vertebrate AGOs, their biogenesis remains a long-standing question. Here, our in vivo and in vitro studies show several 3′→5′ exonucleases, such as interferon-stimulated gene 20 kDa (ISG20), three prime repair exonuclease 1 (TREX1), and ERI1 (enhanced RNAi, also
more » ... known as 3′hExo), capable of trimming AGO-associated full-length miRNAs to 14 nt or shorter tyRNAs. Their guide trimming occurs in a manganese-dependent manner but independently of the guide sequence and the loaded four human AGO paralogs. We also show that ISG20-mediated guide trimming makes Argonaute3 (AGO3) a slicer. Given the high Mn2+ concentrations in stressed cells, virus-infected cells, and neurodegeneration, our study sheds light on the roles of the Mn2+-dependent exonucleases in remodeling gene silencing.
doi:10.1101/2022.10.06.511180 fatcat:ow3gdgsaongsvhg6er4bfsyfpu