Foreign Exchange Market Structure, Players, and Evolution [chapter]

Michael R. King, Carol Osler, Dagfinn Rime
2012 Handbook of Exchange Rates  
Working papers fra Norges Bank, fra 1992/1 til 2009/2 kan bestilles over e-post: Fra 1999 og fremover er publikasjonene tilgjengelig på Working papers inneholder forskningsarbeider og utredninger som vanligvis ikke har fått sin endelige form. Hensikten er blant annet at forfatteren kan motta kommentarer fra kolleger og andre interesserte. Synspunkter og konklusjoner i arbeidene står for forfatternes regning. Working papers from Norges Bank, from
more » ... 92/1 to 2009/2 can be ordered by e-mail: Working papers from 1999 onwards are available on Norges Bank's working papers present research projects and reports (not usually in their final form) and are intended inter alia to enable the author to benefit from the comments of colleagues and other interested parties. Views and conclusions expressed in working papers are the responsibility of the authors alone. Abstract Electronic trading has transformed foreign exchange markets over the past decade, and the pace of innovation only accelerates. This formerly opaque market is now fairly transparent and transaction costs are only a fraction of their former level. Entirely new agents have joined the fray, including retail and high-frequency traders, while foreign exchange trading volumes have tripled. Market concentration among dealers has risen reflecting the heavy investments in technology. Undeterred, some new non-bank market participants have begun to make markets, challenging the traditional foreign exchange dealers on their own turf. This paper outlines the players in this market and the structure of their interactions. It also presents new evidence on how that structure has changed over the past two decades. Throughout, it highlights issues relevant to exchange rate modelling. JEL Classification: F31, G12, G15, C42, C82.
doi:10.1002/9781118445785.ch1 fatcat:frt6dliztfaidenupgbhzlcqxe