Why You Should Charge Your Friends for Borrowing Your Stuff [article]

Kijung Shin, Euiwoong Lee, Dhivya Eswaran, Ariel D. Procaccia
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We consider goods that can be shared with k-hop neighbors (i.e., the set of nodes within k hops from an owner) on a social network. We examine incentives to buy such a good by devising game-theoretic models where each node decides whether to buy the good or free ride. First, we find that social inefficiency, specifically excessive purchase of the good, occurs in Nash equilibria. Second, the social inefficiency decreases as k increases and thus a good can be shared with more nodes. Third, and
more » ... t importantly, the social inefficiency can also be significantly reduced by charging free riders an access cost and paying it to owners, leading to the conclusion that organizations and system designers should impose such a cost. These findings are supported by our theoretical analysis in terms of the price of anarchy and the price of stability; and by simulations based on synthetic and real social networks.
arXiv:1705.07343v1 fatcat:i3t3th2ikbhf7b6foeegyvccsu