The Prevalence of intestinal parasites according to the distribution of the patients gender and parasite species for eight years at the Osmangazi University Medical Faculty in Turkey

N. Dogan
2012 International Journal of Infectious Diseases  
Intestinal parasite infection is still an important public health problem. In this study, patients (outpatients and in-patients) with various gastrointestinal system complaints presenting at various clinics of theOsmangazi University Medical Faculty, from January 2004-December 2011 were investigated retrospectively for intestinal parasites. Methods: Parasitological examinations were done with nativelugol, cellophane-tape methods and trichrome staining in ambiguous cases. Also modified
more » ... modified Erlich-Ziehl-Nielsen staining was used to identify Cryptosporidium spp. Results: In a total of 46.224 cases examined 2.39% were found infected with at least one or more parasite, without difference between genders (including nonpathogenic protozoa). In our area predominant parasites were Entamoeba histolytica/dispar and other group amoebas, 31%.The distribution of identified parasites was as follows: Giardia intestinalis,19%, Blastocystis hominis 7%, and Cryptosporidium parvum %4.5 Since the cellophane type method was only used in a few cases; the rates detected in helminth cases in this study were different from other studies. The ratio of E. vermicularis was found to be 2.3% Taenia saginata 0.8% and Strongyloides stercoralis 0.4% In comparison to a previous 10 year retrospective studywhich was performed in our hospital, we detected an important decrease in prevalence of parasites. But the presence of intestinal parasites is still an important problem. Conclusion: This study re-emphasises the fact that intestinal parasitic infection is still an important public health problem. Interventions including health education on personal hygiene to the students and to the parents, especially to mothers are required. http://dx.
doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2012.05.352 fatcat:skprkxfwdfbn7c7isrev5qqfky