Genetic Diversity and Variety Identification of Panax Species Based on EST-SSR Markers
Background: The roots of Panax species are widely used in the East because of their high medicinal and economic value. They are similar in plant morphology and chemical composition, but have quite differences in medicinal properties and efficacy, therefore, genetic diversity and variety identification of Panax species is particularly important. Methods: We screened 7 Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers from expressed sequence tags (ESTs) database of Panax species in NCBI. Using these markers
... st SSR polymorphism in Panax species. Results: Seven SSR markers could successfully identify Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolium, Panax notoginseng, and their commercial products. Among three ginseng varieties, garden ginseng, forest ginseng, and wild ginseng, the polymorphism of EST-SSR markers decreased gradually, which may be related to age and environment. Two pairs of EST-SSR primers can specifically identify three ginseng cultivars. The phylogenetic relationships analysis showed that Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolium were closer than Panax notoginseng. Compared with wild ginseng, the relationship between the garden ginseng and the forest ginseng was closer. Conclusion: SSR molecular markers have high repeatability and can be used as reliable molecular markers for genetic diversity and variety identification of Panax species.