Local mechanisms for the separation of optic flow-field components in the land crab, Cardisoma guanhumi: A role for motion parallax?

AARON P. JOHNSON, W. JON. P. BARNES, MARTIN W.S. MACAULEY
2004 Visual Neuroscience  
Local mechanisms for the separation of optic flow field components in the land crab, Cardisoma guanhumi: a role for motion parallax? Abstract: Although a number of global mechanisms have been proposed over the years that explain how crabs might separate the rotational and translational components of their optic flow field, there has been no evidence to date that local mechanisms such as motion parallax are used in this separation. We describe here a study that takes advantage of a recently
more » ... of a recently developed suite of computer-generated visual stimuli that creates a three-dimensional world surrounding the crab in which we can simulate translational and rotational optic flow. We show that, while motion parallax is not the only mechanism used in flow field separation, it does play a role in the recognition of translational optic flow fields in that, under conditions of low overall light intensity and low contrast ratio when crabs find the distinction between rotation and translation harder, smaller eye movements occur in response to translation when motion parallax cues are present than when they are absent. Thus, motion parallax is one of many cues that crabs use to separate rotational and translational optic flow by showing compensatory eye movements to only the former.
doi:10.1017/s0952523804216108 pmid:15733345 fatcat:horz6lv5tzcf5lksiunomwbc54