Leadership Styles of School Principals in Lebanon: Multiple case Study
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
This study was set to explore the leadership styles among school principals as measured by the Leadership Orientations Questionnaire (LOQ) developed by Bolman and Deal (1991) . The LOQ has two forms: one is self-rated by principals, and the other is addressed to school teachers to rate their principals on two dimensions: behaviour and leadership. This study is divided into two parts. The subjects involved in part one of the study were 8 school principals and 158 school teachers drawn from four
... chools of which three were private fee-paying in Mount-Lebanon and one public school situated in Beirut, while the subjects involved in part two of the study were 2 school principals and 40 school teachers from two different schools. The study used the LOQ and a structured interview to gather data on the leadership styles of school principals. Pilot study results showed that this kind of research was comparable to Bolman and Deal's (1991) study and useful to gain understanding of the leadership style of school principals as received by both the principals themselves and school teachers. Both quantitative and qualitative data analyses were conducted. Main results showed that the principals rating was the most as human resource frame. As to teacher ratings of the principals in relation to leadership frames, the principals were rated the highest on structural frame in Section I and Section II. Moreover, the results of part two were similar to those of part one of the study. The study concluded with recommendations addressed to school principals, teachers, education policymakers, and researchers interested in furthering the understanding of leadership styles in educational contexts in Lebanon. Such styles have clear implications on how school affairs are internally managed.