UNIVERSIDAD DE EL SALVADOR FACULTAD DE ODONTOLOGÍA COORDINACIÓN GENERAL DE PROCESOS DE GRADUACIÓN
Objective: Classify the level of knowledge and practices on oral health in parents/guardians of children attending the area of Pediatric Dentistry, at the Faculty of Dentistry, of the University of El Salvador. Methodology: A transverse descriptive study was conducted on 80 subjects during the period of November to December 2013. Data collection was done through a questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge and practices in oral health. Data were checked by descriptive analysis (frequency
... lysis (frequency tables and percentages) and their relationship was measured by the Pearson chi-square test (significance level = 0.05). Results: The results of the level of knowledge were divided into three categories; High, Regular and Low. And the oral health practices adequate and inadequate. Overall knowledge about oral health showed 35.0% as high level, 62.5% as regular level. As knowledge about teething 33.8% as high level, 48.8% as regulate level, 17.5% as low level; and oral diseases predominated with 52.5% as high level, 45% with a regular level; Prevention showed 32.5% as high level, 57.5% as regular; and as to the practices for 27.5% are adequate and 72.5% are inadequate. Conclusions: In Oral health knowledge dominated the regular category with 62.5% and inappropriate practices reached 72.5%, so that differences are statistically significant which states that the level of knowledge does influence practice, although its significance level is very low P = 0. This could indicate that having a high level of knowledge would knowledge would help to have good practices.