UNIVERSIDAD DE EL SALVADOR FACULTAD DE ODONTOLOGÍA COORDINACIÓN GENERAL DE PROCESOS DE GRADUACIÓN

Doctora Ana, Elizabeth Henríquez, Cordón Doctora, Dora, Elena Silva, Joya Doctora, Ana Miriam, Ramírez Andrade
unpublished
Objective: Classify the level of knowledge and practices on oral health in parents/guardians of children attending the area of Pediatric Dentistry, at the Faculty of Dentistry, of the University of El Salvador. Methodology: A transverse descriptive study was conducted on 80 subjects during the period of November to December 2013. Data collection was done through a questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge and practices in oral health. Data were checked by descriptive analysis (frequency
more » ... lysis (frequency tables and percentages) and their relationship was measured by the Pearson chi-square test (significance level = 0.05). Results: The results of the level of knowledge were divided into three categories; High, Regular and Low. And the oral health practices adequate and inadequate. Overall knowledge about oral health showed 35.0% as high level, 62.5% as regular level. As knowledge about teething 33.8% as high level, 48.8% as regulate level, 17.5% as low level; and oral diseases predominated with 52.5% as high level, 45% with a regular level; Prevention showed 32.5% as high level, 57.5% as regular; and as to the practices for 27.5% are adequate and 72.5% are inadequate. Conclusions: In Oral health knowledge dominated the regular category with 62.5% and inappropriate practices reached 72.5%, so that differences are statistically significant which states that the level of knowledge does influence practice, although its significance level is very low P = 0. This could indicate that having a high level of knowledge would knowledge would help to have good practices.
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