International gender bias in nursing research, 2005–2006: A quantitative content analysis

Denise F. Polit, Cheryl Tatano Beck
2009 International Journal of Nursing Studies  
Aim: This paper reports a study that examined the extent to which nurse researchers internationally disproportionately include females as participants in their research. Background: A bias toward predominantly male samples has been well-documented in medical research, but recently a gender bias favoring women in nursing research has been identified in studies published in four North American journals. Method: We extracted information about study samples and characteristics of the studies and
more » ... hors from a consecutive sample of 834 studies published in eight leading Englishlanguage nursing research journals in 2005-2006. The primary analyses involved one- sample t-tests that tested the null hypothesis that males and females are equally represented as participants in nursing studies. Studies from different countries, in different specialty areas, and with varying author and methodologic characteristics were compared with regard to the key outcome variable, percent of participants who were female.
doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.02.002 pmid:19268940 fatcat:igjs73pduffizc7vukvi2cy7gm