Optimization of gydraulic systems of industrial productions of microbiological means for protection of plants
Visnyk agrarnoi nauky
Оптимізація гідравлічних систем промислових виробництв мікробіологічних засобів захисту рослин
The purpose. To develop approaches to optimization of gydraulic systems of industrial productions of microbiological means for protection of plants in order to increase their power efficiency. Methods. Analytical and synthetic. Results. Functional link between hydraulic losses and power inputs on transportation of technological liquids is specified. Available approaches to optimization of hydraulic systems on the basis of analysis of methods of decrease of hydraulic resistance are considered.
... e are considered. New approach to optimization of hydraulic systems of bioproductions on the basis of ordering the structure of flow is offered. Conclusions. The expediency of optimization of gydraulic systems of bioproductions on the basis of decrease of water resistance is positioned. New approach to such optimization is developed. It increases power efficiency of liquids' transportation processes. Key words: optimization, bioproduction, power efficiency, hydraulic system, decrease of water resistance. Hydraulic and aerodynamic systems are the integral part of various microbial fermentation manufacturing plants in pharmacy, food, biotechnology industry. Biofactories of microbial pesticides production for plant protection are not exception. Engineering facilities of such factories are including different hydraulic, aeration-agitation and pneumatic systems. Complication of the systems, as a rule, takes place in tandem with increasing of manufacturing volume. However energy usage for liquids and gases transmission in microbial pesticides production is not as high as for sterilization or fermentation processes. Furthermore, in comparison with the equipment complexity for fluid medium preparation, sterilization and microorganism cultivation, the liquids transmission problem is not so significant or technically challenge . In our opinion the design of biofactories hydraulic systems is downplayed by reason of such an attitude. Standard approach to the design of microbial manufacturing plants' hydraulic systems is based on the concept of met needs in process requirements and saving in materials. But it is not enough for designing of energy efficiency hydraulic systems by now. Already-existing systems projected on this base are functioning with high consumption of electric energy. Reason identification of energy consumption increasing of biological manufacturing plants hydraulic systems and development of their optimization methods are relevant research tasks for today. The purpose. The development of the approach to microbial fermentation manufacturing plants hydraulic systems' optimization with the purpose of energy efficiency improvement. Methods. Analytical research method and information synthesis were applied. Hydraulic systems' design concept of biomanufacturing plants was analyzed. Standard techniques of hydraulic calculations were investigated. The functional connection between pressure drop and electric energy consumption in fluid pumping process in the microbial pesticides production was examined. The existing methods of head losses (energy losses) reduction in hydraulic resistances were analyzed. New approach to the hydraulic systems optimization of biofactories, producing microbial pesticides for plant protection was generated. Results. On the base of the analysis was discovered that design concept and organization of hydraulic systems in biopesticides production factories was not differ greatly from ones applying in pharmacology, chemical or food industry      . However due to the engineering complexity the primary focus was on technology basic processes, so detailed description of secondary system designing was neglected in literature sources. The principles of biofactories hydraulic systems design and calculation, for example, of-