Darby Dooly and His White Horse

E. W.
1835 The Dublin Penny Journal  
Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid--seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non--commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal
more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. THE DUBLIN PENNY JOURNAL water to some depth is pent up, only the lake or the morass; because in them the agencies of sun and air, required to call forth the specieS of vegetation that forms the peat of thebogis wanting. This solution of these formations carries with it an additional presumption of its correctness, from the circumstance that some of our principal rivers have their sources in these bogs. Thus, the river Boyne, and, I believe, the Barrow, have their respective sources in the Bog of Allen. At the summit level of the Grand Canal the principal streams by which it is supplied have the same origin. When we mention the Bog. of Allen, we must not understand thereby one continued or connected surface of bog, but a series of bogs, which, however they may have been united formerly, are at present, for the most part, insulated, and separated from each other by the intervention of large districts of cultivated and inclosed lands, including hills, valleys, towns, and villages; and such bogs are, of course, the property of many different proprietors. In ancient times the bog of Allen was computed to contain 1,000,000 of acres. At present, it does not exceed 500,00o : and even this quantity is rapidly diminishing under the hand of cultivation ; and, in all probability, the day is not far distant, when the whole of these wastes will be reclaimed; and this, perhaps once one of the fairest portions of Ireland, be restored to its pristine state. To this end the Grand Canal and also the Royal Canal which traverses the counties of Meath, Westmeath, and Longford, in its passage, also, to the Shannon, mateally contribute. A large breadth of drainage has been effected since their completion;: and a corresponding extent of land has been thereby brought into cultivation. To these ends, also, the humble. labours, of the turf--utter have been essentially aiding. Like the backwoodsmen of America, these men are in these wastes the pioneers of improvement. The history of their operations, as given to me by a gentleman on board, is as follows. The turf-cutter takes a tract of bog, some one or two acres, at as moderate a rent as he can-generally, I be. lieve, at from twenty to thirty shillings per acre (Irish.) His next step is the erection of a dwelling, commonly of the kind I have described. He then commences turfcutting, for which he has a ready market in Dublin; to which place a vast number of boats, of about sixty tons burden each, are constantly plying on these Canals in the conveyance of this article. Our turf-cutter, if he has been successful in his speculation in the outset, after cutting away a certain extent of bog, and arriving at the substratum of clay, will probably unite to his business of turf.cutter that of brickmaker also; having for this latter article likewise a sure market in the metropolis. During these different processes, or perhaps only in concert with one of them, he has, year by year, been bringing portions of his holding into cultivation; or he may, all along, have perhaps made this last his chief object. With him the pinching time is the first two or three years of his lease-during this period he has to struggle hard. But if he can contrive'to: pay 1 his rent, or has an indulgent landlord, and is indus-trious, he will be able to top the hill, and in the end become, in all likelihood, a man of some substance. Butif, as is too frequently the case, he allows his rent to get : materially in arrear, he probably falls into the gripe of some merciless landshark, who, perhaps at the very moment he .has brought his holding into a state of improvement that would insure his future inde-i pendence, bjiy the summary process of ejectment, drives him out of his possession, and turns him adrift on the wide world, to-if he has the heart for it-commence his speculation afresh.
doi:10.2307/30004048 fatcat:a5czeb7c3bgtlmub24hk5pu6v4