PREVENTABILITY ASSESSMENT OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS IN PSYCHIATRY INPATIENT DEPARTMENT USING MODIFIED SCHUMOCK AND THORNTON'S SCALE
Aim: To assess the preventability of Adverse Drug Reactions in a psychiatry inpatient department using Modified Schumock and Thornton's scale. Objectives: To monitor and report the nature of Adverse Drug Reactions in psychiatry inpatient department. To assess the preventability of documented Adverse Drug Reactions using Modified Schumock and Thornton's scale. Method: A prospective observational study was carried out in a psychiatry inpatient department of a 450 bedded tertiary care teaching
... y care teaching hospital for a period of six months. Patients of all age groups and both genders with any psychiatric disorder and receiving anti-psychotic medications were included in the study. Patients who were suffering from malignancies, terminally ill and mentally retarded were excluded from the study. Inpatients with Adverse Drug Reactions were screened and documented in standard data entry form. The preventability assessment of documented Adverse Drug Reactions was done using Modified Schumock and Thornton's Scale. Results: A total of 37 Adverse Drug Reactions were documented from which Constipation 21.62% (n=8) followed by Akathisia 10.81% (n=4) was the most commonly reported Adverse Drug Reaction. Olanzapine 18.91 % (n=7) followed by Risperidone 16.21% (n= 6) were associated with maximum number of Adverse Drug Reactions. Conclusion: The following study revealed that majority of the Adverse Drug Reactions reported was not preventable type using Modified Schumock and Thornton's Scale. KEYWORDS: Adverse Drug Reaction, Psychiatry inpatients, Anti-psychotic medications, Modified Schumock and Thornton's Scale.