Disorders of potassium homeostasis: pathophysiology and management

Sumedh S Hoskote, Shashank R Joshi, Amit K Ghosh
2008 Journal of Association of Physicians of India  
Disorders of potassium homeostasis are common electrolyte abnormalities encountered in hospitalized patients. Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia have been estimated to occur in about 21% and 3% of hospitalized patients, respectively; though the morbidity and mortality associated with the latter is significantly higher. Potassium is a predominantly intracellular ion and the understanding of its dynamics between intra- and extracellular fluid milieus, along with its handling by the kidneys, is
more » ... idneys, is important in the diagnosis and treatment of potassium disorders. This article aims to provide a clinically relevant update on management of potassium disorders for internists.
pmid:19086355 fatcat:dhk266vrobhcpdaen3qfvntyca