Desiccation tolerance and longevity of germinated Sesbania virgata (Cav.) Pers.seeds

Maria Cecília Dias Costa, José Marcio Rocha Faria, Anderson Cleiton José, Wilco Ligterink, Henk W.M. Hilhorst
2016 Journal of Seed Science  
Abstract: Seed desiccation tolerance (DT) and longevity are necessary for better dissemination of plant species and establishment of soil seed bank. They are acquired by orthodox seeds during the maturation phase of development and lost upon germination. DT can be re-induced in germinated seeds by an osmotic and/or abscisic acid treatment. However, there is no information on how these treatments affect seed longevity. Germinated Sesbania virgata seeds were used as a model system to investigate
more » ... he effects of an osmotic treatment to re-establish DT on seed longevity. Longevity of germinated S. virgata seeds treated and non-treated by an osmoticum was analysed after storage or artificial ageing. The radicle is the most sensitive organ, the cotyledons are the most resistant, and the ability to produce lateral roots is the key for whole seed survival. Germinated S. virgata seeds with 1mm protruded radicle tolerate desiccation and storage for up to three months without significant losses in viability. An osmotic treatment can improve DT in these seeds, but not longevity. Germinated S. virgata seeds are a good model to study DT uncoupled from longevity. Further studies are necessary to unveil the molecular mechanisms involved in both DT and longevity.
doi:10.1590/2317-1545v38n1155510 fatcat:kec7d6fibjfxtdqow5fdvjoqpq