Uncoupling bacterial attachment on and detachment from polydimethylsiloxane surfaces through empirical and simulation studies

Fei Pan, Mengdi Liu, Stefanie Altenried, Min Lei, Jiaxin Yang, Hervé Straub, Wolfgang W. Schmahl, Katharina Maniura-Weber, Orane Guillaume-Gentil, Qun Ren
Bacterial infections related to medical devices can cause severe problems, whose solution requires in-depth understanding of the interactions between bacteria and surfaces. This work investigates the influence of surface physicochemistry on bacterial attachment and detachment under flow through both empirical and simulation studies. We employed polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates having different degrees of crosslinking as the model material and the extended Derjaguin À Landau À Verwey À
more » ... beek model as the simulation method. Experimentally, the different PDMS materials led to similar numbers of attached bacteria, which can be rationalized by the identical energy barriers simulated between bacteria and the different materials. However, different numbers of residual bacteria after detachment were observed, which was suggested by simulation that the detachment process is determined by the interfacial physicochemistry rather than the mechanical property of a material. This finding is further supported by analyzing the bacteria detachment from PDMS substrates from which noncrosslinked polymer chains had been removed: similar numbers of residual bacteria were found on the
doi:10.5451/unibas-ep90065 fatcat:bmfj2etmg5fahhppejulfbg6fe