Characterization and Comparative Analysis of Small RNAs in Three Small RNA Libraries of the Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens)

Qiuhong Chen, Lin Lu, Hongxia Hua, Fei Zhou, Liaoxun Lu, Yongjun Lin, Neil R. Smalheiser
2012 PLoS ONE  
The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stå;l), which belongs to Homopteran, Delphacidae, is one of the most serious and destructive pests of rice. Feeding BPH with homologous dsRNA in vitro can lead to the death of BPH, which gives a valuable clue to the prevention and control of this pest, however, we know little about its small RNA world. Methodology/Principal Findings: Small RNA libraries for three developmental stages of BPH (CX-male adult, CC-female adult, CY-last instar female
more » ... mph) had been constructed and sequenced. It revealed a prolific small RNA world of BPH. We obtained a final list of 452 (CX), 430 (CC), and 381 (CY) conserved microRNAs (miRNAs), respectively, as well as a total of 71 new miRNAs in the three libraries. All the miRNAs had their own expression profiles in the three libraries. The phylogenic evolution of the miRNA families in BPH was consistent with other species. The new miRNA sequences demonstrated some base biases. Conclusion: Our study discovered a large number of small RNAs through deep sequencing of three small RNA libraries of BPH. Many animal-conserved miRNA families as well as some novel miRNAs have been detected in our libraries. This is the first achievement to discover the small RNA world of BPH. A lot of new valuable information about BPH small RNAs has been revealed which was helpful for studying insect molecular biology and insect resistant research.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0032860 pmid:22412935 pmcid:PMC3295781 fatcat:iozy6yrztzaxbdx2yx4aib6uji