Net Present Value Analysis of a Hybrid Gas Engine-Energy Storage System in the Balancing Mechanism

Farhad Anvari-Azar, Dani Strickland, Neil Filkin, Harry Townshend
2020 Energies  
There is the potential for hybridised gas engine-energy storage systems to participate in the Balancing Mechanism (BM) by offering a product that marries the advantages of both units. The higher price offerings are currently dominated by pumped storage (PS) assets. Given their high-flexibility, PS plants mostly offer at higher prices, but respond quicker and can run for a smaller minimum run time than a gas engine on its own. The operation of the hybrid system must match the operation of the
more » ... ped storage plants, to be able to claim a space in this part of the BM market including meeting a minimum run time and minimum start time. The business case is dependent on battery costs which in turn depend on size and operational strategy. This paper uses a case study approach to estimate Net Present Value of a hybrid system. The paper uses a mixture of publicly available data and industrially provided data within its analysis. The paper concludes that battery cost and lifespan are still issues and that battery-engine hybrids are not economic at present. There is indication in the modelling that under very favorable conditions such as low compound interest rates, an acceptance of offers above 7 times/day and low gas price, it is possible to see a return on investment of a lithium ion-based battery-gas engine hybrid.
doi:10.3390/en13153816 fatcat:mpawdsunnjhd3njz2yp2n7chyu