Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
satisfactory results has been the frequent consulting of opti¬ cians instead of oculists. The eye is not a merely mechanical machine, which, when "out of order," simply requires for its correction a pair of glasses. It is one of the most delicate and complex organs of the body, liable to the diseases of other living structures, and extremely sensitive to improper treat¬ ment, including the adjusting of glasses, which, if improperly performed, often leads to the direst consequences. Pathologic
... ences. Pathologic ocular conditions, including refractive errors, can not be properly diagnosed and treated without a good medical educa¬ tion, supplemented by special ocular instruction, fair judg¬ ment and experience. It is, therefore, almost an insult to intelligence to urge that even the best opticians are incapable of passing judgment upon diseased ocular conditions or of prop¬ erly correcting refractive errors, although they may frequently happen to give good satisfaction in recommending a pair of glasses. The truth is that in undertaking such work they are practicing medicine and should be legally restricted in their trade to selling, dispensing and manufacturing glasses, a principle which has been recently emphasized by the Ohio legislature in an act restraining opticians from prescribing glasses, under improper circumstances.-Abstract of paper by Frank Allport, Educational Review, Sept. 1, 1897.