1897 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
satisfactory results has been the frequent consulting of opti¬ cians instead of oculists. The eye is not a merely mechanical machine, which, when "out of order," simply requires for its correction a pair of glasses. It is one of the most delicate and complex organs of the body, liable to the diseases of other living structures, and extremely sensitive to improper treat¬ ment, including the adjusting of glasses, which, if improperly performed, often leads to the direst consequences. Pathologic
more » ... ences. Pathologic ocular conditions, including refractive errors, can not be properly diagnosed and treated without a good medical educa¬ tion, supplemented by special ocular instruction, fair judg¬ ment and experience. It is, therefore, almost an insult to intelligence to urge that even the best opticians are incapable of passing judgment upon diseased ocular conditions or of prop¬ erly correcting refractive errors, although they may frequently happen to give good satisfaction in recommending a pair of glasses. The truth is that in undertaking such work they are practicing medicine and should be legally restricted in their trade to selling, dispensing and manufacturing glasses, a principle which has been recently emphasized by the Ohio legislature in an act restraining opticians from prescribing glasses, under improper circumstances.-Abstract of paper by Frank Allport, Educational Review, Sept. 1, 1897.
doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440440041004 fatcat:nes64onqmrdyvokefgwtpzvln4