PARTICIPATORY EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF SOME IMPROVED BREAD WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM) VARIETIES IN THE JIJIGA PLAINS OF EASTERN ETHIOPIA
Twenty bread wheat varieties were evaluated with the objective of selecting adaptable and best performing bread wheat varieties for vertisol areas of North Gondar with the participation of farmers. The trial was conducted at Dembia and Gondar zuria locations of north western Ethiopia during 2007 and 2008 cropping seasons. Single plot observation with farmers' sites as replications was used. At Dembia, the combined analysis of variance over years indicated that varieties Kubsa, Simba, Pavon76
... Taya gave the highest grain yield viz., 2072, 1843, 1832 and 1811 kg haG respectively. Similarly at Gondar zuria, varieties Bobicho, Kubsa and 1 Pavon76 gave the highest grain yield 2618, 2451 and 2363 kg haG respectively. KBG01 was the earliest among 1 the tested varieties. However, the yield of this variety was low. The spearman rank correlation analysis at both locations showed statistically significant correlation (P<0.01) among farmers and breeders with objectively measured quantitative trait (grain yield) as well as between breeders and farmers. This result also indicated that farmers were as competent as breeders in varietal selection. Therefore, based on objectively measured traits (grain yield, days to maturity and yellow rust resistance) and farmers' preference, Simba and Taya for Dembia and Bobicho and Katar for Gondar zuria are recommended with their production packages.