Precautionary Demand for Foreign Assets in Sudden Stop Economies: An Assessment of the New Merchantilism [report]

Ceyhun Bora Durdu, Enrique Mendoza, Marco Terrones
2007 unpublished
This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. Financial globalization was off to a rocky start in emerging economies hit by Sudden Stops in the 1990s. The surge in foreign reserves since then is viewed as a
more » ... Merchantilism in which reserves are a war-chest for defense against Sudden Stops. We conduct a quantitative assessment of this argument using a framework in which precautionary savings affect foreign assets via business cycle volatility, financial globalization, and endogenous Sudden Stops. Our results show that financial globalization and Sudden Stop risk are plausible explanations of the surge in reserves but cyclical volatility, which has declined in the globalization period, is not. JEL Classification Numbers: F41, F32, E44, D52
doi:10.3386/w13123 fatcat:nrebr2wbxze5ffjqbrgr7ptgqu