Lumped 50- $\Omega$ Arrays of SNS Josephson Junctions
IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
For the first time, lumped series arrays of Josephson junctions have been fabricated with a transmission line-matched 50-resistance. These arrays also have the thousands of junctions necessary to produce a metrologically significant voltage. This approach is expected to increase the output voltage per array and to optimize their performance for Josephson voltage standards. Traditional Josephson arrays for voltage standards have used distributed microwave structures, where array lengths are
... al multiples of the driving wavelength. The lumped arrays in this work have physical lengths shorter than a quarter of the microwave drive wavelength and total normal-state resistances nearly equal to the transmission line impedance. Fabrication of these arrays was made possible by use of a newly developed Nb-(MoSi 2 -Nb) stacked junction technology. We present measurements of the microwave response of lumped arrays with total normal resistances up to 54 and with various termination resistances. A simple numerical model is presented that accounts for the spatial distribution of the microwave current and for the nonuniformity of the junction critical currents. The resulting simulations agree well with experimental results. Index Terms-Josephson junctions, lumped element microwave circuits, stacked junctions, voltage standard.