Effects of streaming in P1 (former group A) primary schools in Mutare urban, Zimbabwe

Elliott Nkoma
2013 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of streaming on grade 5 pupils' academic achievement in P1 (Former group A) primary schools in Mutare Urban, Manicaland. Two primary schools were selected (one streaming school was randomly selected while the non-streaming school was purposely selected). A quasi-experimental design was opted. A sample size of 345 (males=169; females=176) was purposely selected of which 152 pupils (males = 72; females = 78) were from a non-streaming school,
more » ... treaming school, while 193 pupils (males = 95; females = 98) were from a streaming school. An adapted Wide Range Achievement test L1 revised for mathematics subtest was used to test for achievement levels. The results indicate a high significant difference (t (345) = -104.24, α=0.01) between non-streaming and a steaming schools. Girls were more represented in the high stream (70%) while boys were more in the middle streams (57%) and low stream (65%). The achievement levels decreases as pupils find themselves in lower streams and the grade equivalent differences (achievement lag) between high and low stream classes translates to 4 years of education while that of a non-streaming school is one year. Greater variability in test scores were found in the streaming school (s=4.37) than nonstreaming school (s=2.91).
doi:10.9790/0837-162118125 fatcat:czgq2yza45b6hemv6xcc56atsi