TensorFlow Solver for Quantum PageRank in Large-Scale Networks [article]

Hao Tang, Tian-Shen He, Ruo-Xi Shi, Yan-Yan Zhu, Marcus Lee, Tian-Yu Wang, Xian-Min Jin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Google PageRank is a prevalent and useful algorithm for ranking the significance of nodes or websites in a network, and a recent quantum counterpart for PageRank algorithm has been raised to suggest a higher accuracy of ranking comparing to Google PageRank. The quantum PageRank algorithm is essentially based on quantum stochastic walks and can be expressed using Lindblad master equation, which, however, needs to solve the Kronecker products of an O(N^4) dimension and requires severely large
more » ... ry and time when the number of nodes N in a network increases above 150. Here, we present an efficient solver for quantum PageRank by using the Runge-Kutta method to reduce the matrix dimension to O(N^2) and employing TensorFlow to conduct GPU parallel computing. We demonstrate its performance in solving quantum PageRank for the USA major airline network with up to 922 nodes. Compared with the previous quantum PageRank solver, our solver dramatically reduces the required memory and time to only 1% and 0.2%, respectively, making it practical to work in a normal computer with a memory of 4-8 GB in no more than 100 seconds. This efficient solver for large-scale quantum PageRank and quantum stochastic walks would greatly facilitate studies of quantum information in real-life applications.
arXiv:2003.04930v1 fatcat:zkaqzfgjhzeuzlua24jzt6pwmq