Impact of Urinary Incontinence on Women's Sexuality

Sílvia Escura Sancho, Laura Ribera-Torres, Camil Castelo-Branco, Sònia Anglès-Acedo
2022 Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology  
Objective: Globally, the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) in women is estimated to be in the range of 25% to 45%. Different types of UI exist, being the most frequent ones stress UI, urgency UI and mixed UI. Being affected by UI is associated with a higher risk of sexual inactivity, regardless of its type. Mechanism: It is estimated that 5–38% patients with UI are sexually inactive due to UI, whereas 25–38% sexually active women would restrict their sexual activity due to UI. The
more » ... ce of sexual dysfunction within sexually active women with UI is 23–56%. Findings in Brief: In patients with UI, the most frequent sexual dysfunctions are dyspareunia (44%), female sexual interest/arousal disorder (34%) and orgasmic disorder (11%). Therefore, UI has a negative impact on the sexual function of sexually active women with UI. Coital incontinence is defined as the complaint of involuntary loss of urine during or after intercourse. UI with penetration represents any complaint of involuntary loss of urine with vaginal stimulation (either with a sexual toy, manually or with penetration). Orgasmic UI refers to any complaint of involuntary loss of urine occurring at orgasm, regardless of the sexual behaviour that has triggered it. Due to the high prevalence of coital UI (50–60%) in the female population and its strongly negative impact on women's sexuality, patients should be specifically asked for coital UI in the gynecologic visits. Conclusions: UI affects between one in four and one in two women and had a negative impact on quality of life. Not only UI has an impact on female sexuality, but also different treatments which are offered to treat it can play a role. The reduction of sexual problems with pelvic floor muscle training in women with stress UI has been proved, being the rate of sexual activity doubled. A significant improvement of the overactive bladder associated to urgency UI and female sexual function has been described after the pharmacological treatment or botulinum toxin. Finally, significant impro [...]
doi:10.31083/j.ceog4902049 doaj:3d571947988e4776a23451ae92dd2ce4 fatcat:b4iz44i5z5b5dkvnwm7dzuvm3e