Prediction of Medical Conditions Using Machine Learning Approaches: Alzheimer's Case Study

Georgiana Ingrid Stoleru, Adrian Iftene
2022 Mathematics  
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a highly prevalent condition and most of the people suffering from it receive the diagnosis late in the process. The diagnosis is currently established following an evaluation of the protein biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), brain imaging, cognitive tests, and the medical history of the individuals. While diagnostic tools based on CSF collections are invasive, the tools used for acquiring brain scans are expensive. Taking these into account, an early
more » ... system, based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) approaches, targeting the diagnosis of this condition, as well as the identification of lead biomarkers becomes an important research direction. In this survey, we review the state-of-the-art research on machine learning (ML) techniques used for the detection of AD and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). We attempt to identify the most accurate and efficient diagnostic approaches, which employ ML techniques and therefore, the ones most suitable to be used in practice. Research is still ongoing to determine the best biomarkers for the task of AD classification. At the beginning of this survey, after an introductory part, we enumerate several available resources, which can be used to build ML models targeting the diagnosis and classification of AD, as well as their main characteristics. After that, we discuss the candidate markers which were used to build AI models with the best results in terms of diagnostic accuracy, as well as their limitations.
doi:10.3390/math10101767 fatcat:hkfp72kyhzdvbbluu6ylfrwtzy