Feature Article Part 1: Differential Response and Traditional Protection Investigation: a Comparision of Two Child Welfare Investgation Streams

Krysta Powers, Kelsey Collins, Hee-Jeong Yoo, Bruce Maclaurin, Morgan Demone, Sean Crooks, Geoffrey Power, Walter Herzog, Jens Herzog, Azim Jinha, Walter Herzog, Nordan Flaaten (+26 others)
2015 Journal of Undergraduate Research in Alberta •   unpublished
Prior to 1998, there were relatively little child welfare data to support the shifts and innovations in child welfare policy, legislation and practice in Canada. Rather, policy and practice decisions were based upon established value positions related to the best interests of the child, or in response to tragic events or child fatalities. The Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-1998) provided the initial opportunity to examine contextual factors associated with
more » ... d welfare decision making. Jurisdictional variation in policy and practice supported the development of provincial and territorial studies that ran concurrently with each national CIS cycle. The Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (AIS-2008) produced a provincial estimate of 27,147 child investigations which serves as a solid foundation on which to understand the context and outcomes of child investigations in this province. Secondary data analyses of the AIS-2008 provide an opportunity to explore child, parental, household and case factors associated with child maltreatment investigations as well as outcomes related to placement, child welfare court, ongoing services and case substantiation. This special issue highlights secondary analyses of the AIS-2008 on three child welfare research and practice topics. These specific analyses examine the risk and protective factors associated with differential forms of front-end investigation; the increase of younger children at risk (0-5 years of age); and the continuing emergence of intimate partner violence as a form of maltreatment. Findings from the AIS-2008 analyses inform policy and practice for Alberta Human Services.