Epileptic seizures cause extended postictal cerebral vascular dysfunction that is prevented by HO-1 overexpression

Helena Parfenova, Pierluigi Carratu, Dilyara Tcheranova, Alex Fedinec, Massroor Pourcyrous, Charles W. Leffler
2005 American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology  
The extended postictal state is characterized by neurological problems in patients. Inadequate blood supply to the brain and impaired cerebral autoregulation may contribute to seizure-induced neuronal damage. Recent evidence in newborn pigs indicates that activation of the antioxidative enzyme heme oxygenase (HO) at the onset of seizures is necessary for increased cerebral blood flow during the ictal episode and for normal cerebral vascular functioning during the immediate postictal period. We
more » ... ypothesized that seizures cause prolonged postictal cerebral vascular dysfunction that can be accentuated by HO inhibition and rescued by HO overexpression. Cerebral vascular responses to endothelium-dependent (hypercapnia, bradykinin) and -independent (isoproterenol, sodium nitroprusside) stimuli were assessed 48 h after bicuculline-induced seizures in: 1) saline-control newborn piglets, 2) HO-inhibited animals (HO was inhibited by tin protoporphyrin, SnPP, 3 mg/kg iv), and 3) HO-overexpressing piglets (HO-1 was upregulated by cobalt protoporphyrin, CoPP, 50 mg/kg ip). Extended alterations of HO expression in cerebral microvessels were confirmed by measuring CO production and inducible HO (HO-1) and constitutive HO (HO-2) proteins. Our data provide evidence that seizures cause a severe, sustained, postictal cerebral vascular dysfunction as reflected by impaired vascular reactivity to physiologically relevant dilators. During the delayed postictal state, vascular reactivity to all dilator stimuli was reduced in saline control and, to a greater extent, in HO-inhibited animals. In CoPP-treated piglets, no reduction in postictal cerebral vascular reactivity was observed. These findings may indicate that CoPP prevents postictal cerebral vascular dysfunction by upregulating HO-1, a finding that might have implications for preventing postictal neurological complications.
doi:10.1152/ajpheart.01274.2004 pmid:15681702 fatcat:ug6zjspaffc33do6q2udvoxlcu