Advances In Video Compression System Using Deep Neural Network: A Review And Case Studies [article]

Dandan Ding, Zhan Ma, Di Chen, Qingshuang Chen, Zoe Liu, Fengqing Zhu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Significant advances in video compression system have been made in the past several decades to satisfy the nearly exponential growth of Internet-scale video traffic. From the application perspective, we have identified three major functional blocks including pre-processing, coding, and post-processing, that have been continuously investigated to maximize the end-user quality of experience (QoE) under a limited bit rate budget. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) powered techniques have shown
more » ... great potential to further increase the efficiency of the aforementioned functional blocks, both individually and jointly. In this article, we review extensively recent technical advances in video compression system, with an emphasis on deep neural network (DNN)-based approaches; and then present three comprehensive case studies. On pre-processing, we show a switchable texture-based video coding example that leverages DNN-based scene understanding to extract semantic areas for the improvement of subsequent video coder. On coding, we present an end-to-end neural video coding framework that takes advantage of the stacked DNNs to efficiently and compactly code input raw videos via fully data-driven learning. On post-processing, we demonstrate two neural adaptive filters to respectively facilitate the in-loop and post filtering for the enhancement of compressed frames. Finally, a companion website hosting the contents developed in this work can be accessed publicly at https://purdueviper.github.io/dnn-coding/.
arXiv:2101.06341v1 fatcat:63vikavtpnb3dilixbakkcbwnq