Soils of Buffer Zones as a Source of Nitrogen Compounds

Małgorzata Krasowska
2019 Journal of Ecological Engineering  
A buffer zone is a belt of shelter or permanent grassland separating the agricultural land from watercourses and water reservoirs. According to the Code of Good Agricultural Practices, they constitute a landscape element that can limit the migration of biogenic substances. Increasing attention is paid to the fact that these barriers are effective during the growing season. However, in the autumn-winter and early-spring half-year, they can be a source of nitrogen compounds leached from the
more » ... ent to the surface water. In connection with this, research was undertaken to assess the content of nitrogen compounds in the soil of the zone at the channel and water of the watercourse in a small agricultural catchment. The processes occurring in the buffer zones leading to the release of biogenic compounds do not only concern leaching them to surface and groundwater; therefore, the amount of nitrous oxide emissions, which is the result of the denitrification process occurring in the soil, was examined. On the basis of the obtained results, it was found that an increased content of nitrogen compounds in the soil of buffer zones may have an impact on the elevated emission of N 2 O and a raised content of these substances in surface water.
doi:10.12911/22998993/93873 fatcat:qh7b6wryt5ezdfefmngda7a2fe