HIF-1α Promotes Hepatocellular Carcinoma Metastasis by Regulating Angiogenesis and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition [post]

Min Yao, Li Wang, Xiyu Chen, Ying Chen, Jie Yang, Defeng Wang, Wei Wu, dengfu yao
2020 unpublished
Background: Invasion and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remain to be hard in medical society. However, little knowledge is known regarding the hypoxia impact in HCC with angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The aims of this study were to explore the regulating roles of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in angiogenesis and EMT of HCC. Method: The levels of HIF-1α, angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in a
more » ... rt of chronic liver diseases were detected by enzyme- linked immunosorbent assays, and their dynamic up-regulations were confirmed in model of rat hepatocyte malignant transformation. After HIF-1α gene transfected with specific miRNA, biological behaviors of HCC cells were analyzed by transwell or invasion assay; angiogenesis and EMT were analyzed at protein level by Western blot or at mRNA by quantitative real-time PCR. Results: The levels of circulating HIF-1α, VEGF, and Ang-2 in the HCC group (145.6 ± 32.6 μg/L, 458.9 ± 125.3 μg/L, and 42.9 ± 5.1μg/L) were significantly higher (P < 0.001) than those in the LC (79.5 ± 8.4 μg/L, 206.8 ± 56.8 μg/L, and 26.2 ± 6.1 μg/L) or the CH (60.1 ± 18.8 μg/L, 178.1 ± 85.4 μg/L, and 21.8 ± 6.9 μg/L) group, respectively. Dynamic up-regulations of HIF-1α and angiogenic factors have been confirmed by rat model with hepatocyte malignant transformation. There were closely positive correlations (P < 0.001) between them of HIF-1α and VEGF or Ang-2. After HCC cells transfected with specific HIF-1α-miRNA, the levels of HIF-1α, VEGF and Ang-2 expression were significantly down-regulated, with inhibiting infiltration or migration, blockading EMT with increasing E-cadherin and decreasing of snail, twist and vimentin. Conclusions: HIF-1α over-expression could promote the metastasis or invasion of HCC via regulating neovascularization and EMT formation.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-105342/v1 fatcat:7ftcaadxerf6flomgn7fu2qxgy