Noodle Development and Its Quality Characteristics Using Fermented White and Brown Rice
Journal of Life Science
발효 백미와 현미를 이용한 국수제조 및 품질특성
To address the limitations of manufacturing noodle products using rice, brown rice noodles were created by the fermentation of brown rice containing several nutrients and the quality of these noodles were evaluated. White rice noodles, fermented white rice noodles, brown rice noodles, and fermented brown rice noodles were developed using white rice and brown rice, respectively. We found that the content of crude proteins present in the noodles during the fermentation process increased and the
... increased and the content of crude fat and carbohydrates in the noodles was reduced. In addition, the water content of brown rice noodles was twofold higher than that of white rice, although under fermentation conditions, the water content of brown rice noodles decreased slightly. A slight change of chromaticity was observed during the fermentation process. In cooking, the weight and volume of the noodles increased, with the change being lowest in noodles based on white rice. White rice-based noodles exhibited significantly higher turbidity in the cooked noodle soup, while other noodle products showed relatively constant turbidity. Most of the products showed a decreased texture, becoming soft with cooking; however, the elasticity of the cooked products increased. Our results suggest that the disadvantages of producing rice noodles can be overcome by the development of fermented brown rice noodles containing a variety of nutritional components. This would potentially develop a market for rice-based manufactured foods that appeal to modern preferences.