Earth Observations and Integrative Models in Support of Food and Water Security

Stephanie Schollaert Uz, Alex C. Ruane, Bryan N. Duncan, Compton J. Tucker, George J. Huffman, Iliana E. Mladenova, Batuhan Osmanoglu, Thomas R. H. Holmes, Amy McNally, Christa Peters-Lidard, John D. Bolten, Narendra Das (+4 others)
2019 Remote Sensing in Earth Systems Sciences  
Global food production depends upon many factors that Earth observing satellites routinely measure about water, energy, weather, and ecosystems. Increasingly sophisticated, publicly-available satellite data products can improve efficiencies in resource management and provide earlier indication of environmental disruption. Satellite remote sensing provides a consistent, long-term record that can be used effectively to detect large-scale features over time, such as a developing drought. Accuracy
more » ... nd capabilities have increased along with the range of Earth observations and derived products that can support food security decisions with actionable information. This paper highlights major capabilities facilitated by satellite observations and physical models that have been developed and validated using remotely-sensed observations. Although we primarily focus on variables relevant to agriculture, we also include a brief description of the growing use of Earth observations in support of aquaculture and fisheries.
doi:10.1007/s41976-019-0008-6 pmid:33005873 pmcid:PMC7526267 fatcat:a6atcj6wpjfgzbm373w4hmnhqe